There are many gorgeous an important mausoleums in the world. Let’s talk about the father of mausoleums. Or should I say mother? The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was the idea of Artemisa, the wife and also sister of Maussollos. It was built as a tomb for her deceased husband who reigned for 24 years.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is also known as the tomb of Mausoleum. The tomb was built many years ago, between 353 – 350 BC, even when Alexander the Great conquered it was left untouched.
The tomb is located in South West, Turkey, which is now the are of Bodrum (a popular tourist resort). It was built on top of a hill overlooking the city.
The Mausoleum was large and elaborate, it was built for King Maussollos of Karia.
- The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus is one of the earliest Wonders of World to be still seen today, unfortunately only the base remains visable.
- Due to the size and magnificence of the tomb, it was named one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of World.
- Archaeologist Charles Newton discovered the tomb in the 1800’s. He first found the chariot containing sculptures of Artemisa and Maussollos.
- The burial chambers of the tomb were constructed with gold a trim.
- To help you understand the size of the Mausoleum, the construction of its base was approximately 36 meters x 30 meters (120 feet x 100 feet).
- During the 13th Century, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was hit by a series of earthquakes. Great damage was caused as the earthquakes shattered the columns causing the stone chariot crash to the ground.
- Stone warriors were placed on each corner of the tomb. The warriors were sat on horseback and their purpose was to defent and protect the tomb.
- The Mausoleum was a big structure which stood approximately 43 meters tall (140 feet).
- The tomb was made with white marble and was surrounded by a courtyard.
- Greek architects Satyros and Pytheos designed the overall shape of the tomb.
For more information, go to http://www.fun-facts.org.uk/